An Australian academic, quoted by Voice of America, says the out going ASEAN head, Surin, in his capacity as head of ASEAM, quote:
“Surin pushed the Envelope of Activism” and strengthened ASEAN’s head office, as an independent voice. Indeed, Surin, has his own agenda. As Voice of America, pointed out, Surin will be remembered as the ASEAN head who open up Myanmar.
- Wikipedia says:
Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental change. Activism can take a wide range of forms from writing letters to newspapers or politicians, political campaigning, economic activism such as boycotts or preferentially patronizing businesses, rallies, street marches, strikes, sit-ins, and hunger strikes.
Activists can function in roles as public officials, as in judicial activism. Arthur Schlesinger Jr. introduced the term “judicial activism” in a January 1947Fortune magazine article titled “The Supreme Court: 1947.”
Some activists try to persuade people to change their behavior directly, rather than to persuade governments to change or not to change laws. Thecooperative movement seeks to build new institutions which conform to cooperative principles, and generally does not lobby or protest politically, and clergymen often exhort their parishioners to follow a particular moral code or system.
As with those who engage other activities such as singing or running, the term may apply broadly to anyone who engages in it even briefly, or be more narrowly limited to those for whom it is a vocation, habit or characteristic practice. In the narrower sense environmental activists that align themselves with Earth First or Road Protestors would commonly be labelled activists, whilst a local community fighting to stop their park or green being sold off or built on would fit the broader application, due to their using similar means to similarly conservative ends. In short activism is not always an action by Activists.
- The question is, as for the future, is who will follow Surin’s “Activism” in pushing and opening up ASEAN’s AEC to its full potential? For example, even with Surin’s activism, ASEAN’s economic integration or AEC, have been pushed off by a year. And now there are talks of more delay.
The incoming ASEAN head, after Surin, will be a Vietnames “Diplomat” with a track record at the UN. Would having a diplomat as the next head of ASEAN, be just exactly what ASEAN needs, as members economies integrate? And how much, will the “Push the Envelope Activism” type of leadership, be missed?
Yet as Surin can tout his success at opening up Myanmar, however, Surin also faced several other challenges at ASEAN.
One of them, is the conflict between Cambodia and Thailand, a situation, that have simmered down, but remains a threat today. What is striking about Surin, in managing the Thai Cambodia conflict, is coming out to call for peace, and saying quote: “The Thai Cambodia conflict has tarnished ASEAN’s reputation globally.”
Surin, off course, is a former politician with Thailand’s Democrat Party, where Abhisit, cited Cambodia’s appointing Thaksin as an economic adviser and subsequent Thaksin visit to Cambodia-as an infringement on Thai sovereignty, and pulled Thailand’s Ambassador out of Cambodia. Military conflict erupted. Therefore, it must have taken a great deal of courage, from Surin, to take a position, that tacitly, was against his own political roots in Thailand.
The second crisis, Surin faced, concerns Australia’s proposal of an Asia-Pacific Grouping, to which Surin, expressed support, but other countries making up ASEAN objected, as Voice of America noted, Surin was slapped in the face.
Other challenges includes, the USA’s Trans Pacific Partnership drawing several ASEAN members, and then, there is the China moves in the resource rich Pacific Waters, that pitched Philippines and Vietnam against China, but sees other ASEAN countries, like Thailand and Cambodia, taking a neutral stand.
- The following is from Voice of America:
Departing ASEAN Chief’s Valedictory: Opening in Burma
December 19, 2012
PHNOM PENH — When former Thai politician Surin Pitsuwan took over as the chief of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations in 2008, his leadership was put to the test early on. In May of that year, Cyclone Nargis wreaked havoc on Burma, leveling townships and killing at least 138,000 people.
At the time, Burma was still an international pariah; even among the 10-member ASEAN bloc, there were questions about its place in the regional group.
Burma initially refused international relief efforts, but after an emergency ASEAN meeting, authorities relented and allowed medical personnel into the country.
Reflecting on his five-year term as it nears its end, Surin believes the intervention was a catalyst for the unexpected transformations that have unfolded in Burma over the last year.
“I think our engagement since then — not only with ASEAN but with the international community coming in with ASEAN — has raised a level of comfort, a level of confidence on the part of the leadership of Myanmar about the fact that the world is willing to help, to work with Myanmar, to support Myanmar,” he said. “[This] has certainly convinced Myanmar to open up and to change. That’s the most gratifying experience I have had in the past 5 years.”
With Surin at the helm, the group succeeded in quickly addressing a critical issue in the so-called “ASEAN way” — through consensus, not confrontation.
As his term wore on, Surin said, he wanted to push the bloc to become more open, more transparent and more relevant to the 600 million people that make up ASEAN’s diverse population.
“I think I could have done more, but I have to look back and be realistic,” he said, explaining that he believes he did played a role in increasing ASEAN’s public stature. “Some people, some governments, some officials, are probably not quite prepared to open up, to engage. A lot of them are saying, ‘yes, civil society, welcome.’ But they have to be our civil society. That’s difficult.”
According to Pavin Chachavalpongpun, a political analyst at Kyoto University, while ASEAN’s response to Cyclone Nargis was a victory for Surin, the remainder of his term failed to live up to that early promise.
“Rehabilitation relief efforts on the part of ASEAN in Nargis could be his legacy,” said Pavin, arguing that it displayed Surin’s leadership in terms of being a bridge between Burma and the outside world. “Sadly, it’s the only and the last one.”
Pavin also described Surin, formerly a Thai foreign minister, as a natural politician in the shoes of an administrator, and thereby an individual who struggled to adjust to a more passive role as ASEAN’s figurehead leader.
“He’s basically overqualified for the job,” said Pavin, explaining that Surin hadn’t been well-received by ASEAN’s foreign ministers. “Because of that he often acts as if he was still a foreign minister [and] it brought up a lot of conflict.” When then-Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd floated a proposal for what he called an Asia-Pacific Community, for example, Surin initially responded positively in comments that many took to be supportive of the idea.
But ASEAN ministers wanted no part of it.
“My god, the next day ASEAN had to release a statement saying that what Surin said was in his personal capacity that does not reflect what ASEAN really thinks about APC,” said Pavin. “So basically that was a slap in the face of Surin. I mean, he continues to irritate a lot of foreign ministers. I think it’s going to be a sad goodbye for Surin. It might be a happy goodbye on the part of a lot of ASEAN countries.”
Others, however, say Surin’s willingness to influence ASEAN from within has improved the bloc.
“He’s pushed the envelope of activism in a way that no previous secretary general has,” said Carlyle Thayer, an analyst of ASEAN affairs with the University of New South Wales.
Prodding the group in ways that may have been unheard of before, Surin, said Thayer, pushed to get ASEAN involved in Burma’s Rakhine State, where tensions between ethnic Rakhine and Rohingya people are simmering.
Although Burma has so far rejected regional involvement, Thayer describes Surin as “spectacular” in his leadership role.
“He doesn’t always win his battles, but he’s made the secretary general a more independent office,” said Thayer. It’s been activist rather than interventionist, and it’s not happening as fast as outsiders may want, but to me that’s what he’s done.”
Surin’s replacement, Vietnamese diplomat Le Luong Minh, a former ambassador to the U.N., begins his five-year term January 1.
- Burma’s Asean Agenda (irrawaddy.org)
- ASEAN ‘Cannot’ Press Burma On Rohingya Citizenship (eurasiareview.com)
- ASEAN urged to retain central role in global, regional affairs (philstar.com)
- Thailand:Surin calls on Asean to act on Rohingya _But in Thailand NO ENTRY for Bengali Muslim(Rohingya) (democracyforburma.wordpress.com)
- State’s proximity to ASEAN, SAARC nations (assamtribune.com)
- ASEAN Human Rights Declaration Adopted (khamerlogue.wordpress.com)
- Asian leaders demands a resolve for Rohingyas (worldbulletin.net)
- ASEAN urged to retain central role in global, regional affairs (nzweek.com)
- Surin calls on Asean to act on Rohingya (drkokogyi.wordpress.com)
- Coalition boat plan attacked (theage.com.au)